Hola From Tenerife

Subscribe to our free newsletter to get an (ir)regular ray of Tenerife sunshine in your inbox. Just enter your email address below.

Delivered by FeedBurner



Festivals in Tenerife and other large gatherings are still not able to be held with social distancing and other restrictions still in force. Events listed here, therefore, are subject to cancellation or change without notice. Such circumstances are beyond our control.

Please like and follow our facebook page for more updates >>

Sunday, November 21, 2021

When will the La Palma volcano stop erupting?

La Palma lava flows into the sea. European Space Agency, CC BY-SA 2.0

What must happen for the eruption to end?

When will the volcano stop erupting? Two months after the start of the eruption of the La Palma volcano, this is the question most people ask. Experts, from the first day, have insisted that Strombolian volcanoes are unpredictable. It is, therefore, impossible to guess when it will end, but there are some parameters that will give us clues when the beginning of the end begins. Our colleague, María Moreno, tells us how many and what they are: 

Seismicity, tremor, deformation of the ground, sulphur dioxide emissions … These are the terms that will determine what many are waiting for: the moment when the volcano can be declared 'off'. The geologists of the National Geographic Institute (IGN) Rubén López and Stavros Meletlidis tell us what the process will be like and when we will know that we are in a situation equal to before everything began, on September 19.

Clipper – strawberry soda brand from Gran Canaria, that sells only in Canary islands

The La Palma volcano is like a soft drink opened two months ago: it is losing gas, but bubbles are still rising. “Below there is still imbalance and it continues to inject magma. What we call 'systemic music'. And while there is music, there will be dancing,” explains López.

When will the volcano go out?

There are several clues that indicate that the volcano is fading. These are the parameters that volcanologists measure every day and one of the most important is seismicity, the earthquakes that wake up almost everyone on the island and now seem to be relaxing.

The tremor is included within the seismicity and is described as the vibration. "There will come a time when no material comes out and we can say that the eruption is ending," says volcanologist Rubén López. The tremor recently reached zero, but it recovered.

Deformation is another parameter that can indicate that the volcano is getting tired. To understand the concept, it is possible to imagine the volcano as a balloon into which the lava enters from below, swells and deforms. And so it can be a long time, as it happened in El Hierro. The crucial thing is not that it loses weight, but that it stops gaining weight. Something that, according to the expert, is being fulfilled: "We are in fairly stabilized parameters."

On the other hand, gases are a good indication to take into account. The volcano not only expels lava, but also sulphur dioxide. Right now up to 20,000 tons a day, but it has to go down to 500 before we can talk about the beginning of the end.

It will not disappear either linearly or progressively. The volcano will have comings and goings until one day the levels stop short. That, currently, is an impossible date to establish.

But something that can be anticipated is that we will not know that it has stopped its activity until much later, maybe even weeks. "It will have to be a consensus among scientists on which day we can determine that the day of extinction was," adds López.

"I'd like to predict the winning number in the Christmas Lottery", shares volcanologist Stavros Meletlidis, in a reflection of the desire of many of the people of La Palma.

¿Cuándo se apagará el volcán de La Palma? | 2021 Cumbre Vieja volcanic eruption

No comments:

Tenerife Topics

Adeje Almond Flower Route April in Tenerife Arafo Arico Arona Ash Wednesday Auditorio de Tenerife August in Tenerife Brexit Buenavista del Norte Burial of the Sardine Canarian Cuisine Canaries Day Candelaria Candelmas Carnaval de Día Carnival 1987 Carnival 1988 Carnival 1989 Carnival 1990 Carnival 1991 Carnival 1992 Carnival 1993 Carnival 1994 Carnival 1995 Carnival 1996 Carnival 1997 Carnival 1998 Carnival 1999 Carnival 2000 Carnival 2001 Carnival 2002 Carnival 2003 Carnival 2004 Carnival 2005 Carnival 2006 Carnival 2007 Carnival 2008 Carnival 2009 Carnival 2010 Carnival 2011 Carnival 2012 Carnival 2013 Carnival 2014 Carnival 2015 Carnival 2016 Carnival 2017 Carnival 2018 Carnival 2019 Carnival 2020 Carnival 2021 Carnival 2022 Carnival 2023 Carnival Foods Carnival History Carnival Main Parade Carnival Queen Santa Cruz Carnival Queens 2001-2020 Carnivals of the World Children's Carnaval Parade Chinyero Christmas in Tenerife Christopher Columbus Comparsas Corazones de Tejina Corpus Christi COVID-19 Craft Fairs Daytime Carnival December in Tenerife Día de la Cruz Día de San José Easter in Tenerife El Gordo Christmas Lottery El Rosario El Sauzal El Tanque Epidemics in Tenerife Farmers Markets Fasnia February in Tenerife Fiesta Nacional de España Fiestas de San Juan Fiestas El Palmar Flavours of Christmas Free Tour Garachico Granadilla de Abona Guía de Isora Güímar History of Tenerife Icod de los Vinos Innocent Saints January in Tenerife Jardín Botánico July in Tenerife June in Tenerife Junior Carnival Queen La Gomera La Guancha La Matanza de Acentejo La Orotava La Palma Eruption La Siervita La Victoria de Acentejo Las Burras de Güímar Las Celias de Tenerife Los Cristianos Los Cristianos Carnival Los Gigantes Los Gigantes Carnival Los Indianos Los Realejos Los Reyes Los Silos March in Tenerife Masca Mascarita Ponte Tacón May in Tenerife Monuments and Sculptures in Santa Cruz Municipal Holidays Municipalities Fiestas Nelson's Attack on Santa Cruz 25 Jul 1797 New Year in Tenerife Nochebuena November in Tenerife October in Tenerife Opening Parade Parade of Vintage Cars Public Holidays Puerto de la Cruz Puerto de la Cruz Carnival Rally Calendar Recipes for All Saints Day Rhythm and Harmony Comparsas Romería de San Roque Romerías San Andrés San Antonio Abad San Cristóbal de La Laguna San Juan de la Rambla San Miguel de Abona San Sebastián Santa Cruz de Tenerife Santa Cruz de Tenerife Carnival Santa Cruz de Tenerife Carnival Themes Santa Úrsula Santiago del Teide Senior Carnival Queen September in Tenerife Shrove Tuesday Simón Bolívar Summer Carnival Tacoronte Tegueste Tenerife Carnival Dates Tenerife Disaster Tenerife Fire Tenerife Month by Month Tenerife Museums Tenerife Rally Tenerife Walking Festival Tenerife Weather Tenerife Wines Teno Rural Park This Is Tenerife (TIT) Town Halls in Tenerife Traditional Fiestas Tropical Storm Delta Vilaflor de Chasna